regional vice president, Europe
Achates Power Inc
Synopsis: This presentation will highlight Achates Power’s work in achieving ultra-low emissions, high fuel efficiency, rapid warmup and catalyst light-off in the light-, medium- and heavy-duty engine segments using existing and future renewable fuels. The modern opposed-piston (OP) engine has the potential to deliver ultra-low-criteria pollutant emissions while simultaneously reducing fuel consumption by up to 30% compared with conventional engines. Manufacturers face the challenge of meeting future emissions and fuel economy standards in a cost-effective manner. Compliance with these regulations requires considerable financial investment in new technologies, all designed to increase fuel efficiency while decreasing emissions.
Alma Automotive Srl
Synopsis: The use of piezoelectric cylinder pressure sensors is common during engine testing, but cylinder pressure information is also becoming mandatory in several onboard applications, where low-temperature combustion (LTC) approaches require feedback control of combustion, due to poor combustion stability and the risk of knock or misfire. The use of cylinder pressure signals would simplify the implementation and calibration of control and diagnostic strategies, such as knock and misfire detection. However, costs are often not compatible with onboard use. Sensors mounted outside the combustion chamber, such as piezoelectric washers, could provide significant yet affordable information.
CTO / head of R&D
Applied Nano Surfaces Sweden AB / Bizol Germany GmbH
Synopsis: Increasing pressure to reduce CO2 emissions on one side, and the lack of infrastructure to support battery electric vehicles on the other, make hybrid cars an attractive option for customers. The internal combustion engine in a hybrid powertrain can be programmed to operate close to its 'sweet spot' most of the time to achieve its maximum thermodynamic efficiency. The torque fill of hybrids allows one to combine strong driving performance with very good fuel economy. The regenerative braking also helps conserve energy. At the same time, hybrids pose some new requirements for lubricants, including motor and transmission oils.
head of fluid mechanics and test
Synopsis: This presentation gives an overview of alternative drives and alternative fuels, including targets and the latest trends. It deals in detail with the required pump functions and media, and the required pump applications, and how they are solved with centrifugal and displacement pump types. Finally, the presentation will discuss some lightweight pump solutions.
Synopsis: Stringent targets to reduce CO2/FC in the road transport sector are demanding challenges in their own right, but they are accompanied by simultaneous demands for low real-world emissions. The much-discussed post-Euro 6/VI standards will increase the stringency of emissions requirements, while maintaining or even strengthening current requirements that emissions limits be respected under actual conditions of use. These twin challenges are subject to trade-offs such as the PM-NOx, CO2-NOx and general fuel-emissions trade-offs. Together, such effects exert conflicting demands on engines, aftertreatment and their calibration, as well as on other vehicle parameters such as weight.
Cardo Holding AG
Synopsis: Current discussions about the right technology for mobility are often based on a one-dimensional view. There is uncertainty about which concept will be the best in terms of sustainability, plus contradictory papers and information and a missing red line in the discussion of the future of mobility. Based on the activities in CO2 and resource footprint analysis, Cardo and world watchers have made an assessment of the different mobility solutions. One surprising result is that internal combustion engines can be sustainable and thus will have a place in future mobility scenarios.
Peter Kelly Senecal
owner and vice president
Synopsis: Transportation today is almost exclusively powered by the internal combustion engine (ICE). Although engines have become considerably cleaner and more efficient over the last few decades, human health and environmental concerns have led several governments around the world to propose bans on diesel and gasoline cars. The electrification of transportation, while often touted as the only way to mitigate vehicle emissions, comes with its own set of concerns and challenges that must be considered when developing future transportation technologies. Furthermore, there is still significant untapped potential in ICE concepts and the fuels they use. This presentation argues that hybrid systems are the fastest way to reduce CO2 emissions from vehicles and that, when judged on a lifecycle basis, the vehicle technology with the least environmental and health impact is highly region dependent. Therefore, a mixture of transportation technologies is necessary in the future fleet.
Synopsis: Electrification offers some strong advantages for many transport applications in reducing CO2 and localized polluting emissions, but falls a long way short of fulfilling all of society's requirements for social and business mobility. This presentation takes an independent, pragmatic approach to what is really required to achieve the targets laid out in the 2015 Paris Agreement, and looks at what can be achieved with technology as we know it to reduce greenhouse gas concentrations in the Earth's atmosphere and improve local air quality issues.
Arjen de Jong
Synopsis: Conventional four-stroke engines are limited in expansion and therefore have significant thermal losses. Using today’s cylinder deactivation technology it is possible to dynamically switch between four-stroke operation and combined-cycle over-expansion with proven fuel efficiency and power gain up to 20%. Using existing engine architecture and layout implementation of such technology is cost-effective, especially for (P)HEV. The presentation will discuss a simulation study and engine test results with an outlook for the industry.
business development manager
Synopsis: Innovative value: Historically, the focus has been primarily on emissions compliance at original certification. Due to the combination of Dieselgate and the new in-service surveillance testing under Real Driving Emissions, the notion of emissions compliance risk is much broader, and strict compliance may still come with reputational risk. Emissions Analytics’ presentation sets out the challenges and potential solutions. The data that we will present is based on our independent test program: the EQUA Index is the largest database of its kind and therefore our perspective is unique.
FEV Europe GmbH
Synopsis: In 2018 the ICCT indicated that the transportation sector was responsible for 32% of the total CO2 emission in the EU. HD vehicles contributed significantly. In this session, the combustion characterization of a paraffinic biofuel (via Fischer-Tropsch synthesis) and 1-octanol (via Power-to-X) are presented. An ignition delay analyzer, a high-pressure chamber and an HD single-cylinder engine were used to assess the fuels’ impact on combustion and emissions. CAE-Support was adopted to investigate the additional benefits of a tailored combustion system. Thanks to the fuels' paraffinic and oxygenated content, reduced soot at same NOx was observed. Generally, increased indicated efficiency was observed.
group vice president - diesel powertrains business unit
Synopsis: Improved environmentally friendly – especially low-GHG-emitting – powertrain systems are required for future personal mobility and transportation. Since the release of the new European CO2 targets – which set ambitious reduction requirements – multifaceted developments have been initiated to meet them. In addition, the short-term achievement of extremely challenging real-world pollutant emission standards requires that these emissions be reduced close to a near-zero level. Further optimization of the classical ICE fuel specifications and properties – as well as an increased level of tailored powertrain electrification – provides good potential to simultaneously achieve these parallel targets. In this presentation, the corresponding technical roadmaps for light-duty diesel engines toward future market demands with near-zero pollutant emission behavior and superior GHG emission performance are analyzed and presented for sustainable use in the future.
Synopsis: Synthetic fuels are being developed. To better assess the effects of the new fuels on the engine process, simulation models are being developed that reproduce the chemical and physical properties of these fuels. This paper examines DMC+ fuel. It is shown that the simulative conversion of a state-of-the-art gasoline engine to DMC+ fuel offers advantages in terms of efficiency at many operating points even if the engine design is not altered. In addition, a tailor-made engine concept is presented.
Wissam Bou Nader
research and development engineer - advanced research and innovation projects
Synopsis: Waste heat recovery (WHR) systems constitute a promising solution for reducing vehicle fuel consumption in order to meet the CO2 regulation targets by 2025. Overall efficiency optimization of a combined cycle machine consisting of a reciprocating internal combustion engine (ICE) and a bottoming WHR system for a range-extended electric vehicle (REEV) is studied. To clearly present our studies, this presentation is divided into two parts. In Part A, a methodology is proposed to improve the overall operational efficiency for such a combined-cycle machine. In Part B, the application's different systems are integrated in REEV.
senior manager R&D - clean powertrain thermal systems
Synopsis: Water injection in gasoline internal combustion engines is one of the technologies being investigated to improve thermal efficiency and reduce CO2 emissions. Mass deployment of such a solution is pending the availability of a reliable water source. Investigations have shown that exhaust gas condensates can solve this engineering problem. The feasibility of such a system has been physically demonstrated. A final correlated simulation model will enable the full potential of water injection to be unleashed when combined with an onboard water generation system.
Horiba MIRA Ltd
Synopsis: To ensure complete RDE compliance, a frontloading approach to vehicle and powertrain development will be adopted by OEMs. Therefore, a road-to-rig (R2R) program called RDE+ has been developed by Horiba to allow OEMs to explore all permutations of the RDE moderate and extended boundary conditions. Utilizing road, chassis dyno, EiL and virtual tools, OEMs can deploy real-world scenarios with full environmental emulation in the conceptual stage of a vehicle and powertrain program. This reduces the number prototype vehicles and climatic tests required to ensure complete RDE compliance, as well as mitigating increased costs and timescales.
IAAPS - Institute for Advanced Automotive Propulsion Systems & University of Bath
Synopsis: Even the most optimistic projection for BEV and PHEV uptake has 57% market penetration by 2040, based on annual sales. Of that, ~15% will be PHEV fitted with an internal combustion engine, meaning that the majority of vehicles sold in 2040 will still feature an internal combustion engine. Therefore it is essential that we continue to consider all opportunities to minimize IC engine emissions and pathways to reducing the CO2 footprint of future vehicles. This presentation will give an overview of potential pathways to net-zero CO2 and near-zero emissions at the tailpipe, including novel engine topologies, advanced combustion concepts, future fuels and complete powertrain energy management. Synergies between electrification and IC engine optimization will be highlighted as potential pathways to significantly increase IC engine efficiency.
senior simulation engineer
IHI Charging Systems GmbH
Synopsis: CNG is the solution for future CO2 challenges. CNG reduces CO2 emissions by 23% compared with gasoline engines. With the use of Bio-CNG or E-CNG it is possible to run a vehicle on 'real 0g CO2', while electric vehicles in Germany run with a power mix of about 500g/kWh. The author has been driving CNG vehicles since 2006 with a total of more than 300,000km. Vehicle price is about the same as gasoline vehicles. Fill up in three minutes at a current fuel cost of €3.42/100km. It is cheaper and more environmentally friendly than any e-vehicle of the same size.
senior technical research analyst
Synopsis: In this presentation, IHS Markit will outline powertrain demand to 2028, presenting the global production outlook for all forms of light passenger vehicles. We will explain our perspective on what Euro 7 is likely to entail, then look at the uptake of technologies globally to meet these emissions standards, in particular looking at demand for them in Europe. Technologies include electrically heated catalysts, cooled exhaust gas recirculation, gasoline direct injection and supplementary exhaust aftertreatment. Reflecting on the forecast growth in electrification, an assessment will be given of demand for components that support hybridization of the powertrain.
senior lecturer, division of combustion engines
Synopsis: As we are facing CO2 regulations in the heavy truck industry, among other stringent legislation, future fuels and combustion processes are all under investigation. This work investigates the possibilities with natural gas as the main fuel, and eventually biogas (among other fuels). How do we burn it most efficiently? To answer this question we need advanced engine diagnostics and full engine testing as well as simulation tools.
Mahle Powertrain Limited
Synopsis: The pre-chamber-based jet ignition concept produces jets of partially combusted species that induce ignition in the main combustion chamber, enabling rapid, stable combustion. The potential passive jet ignition, combined with high compression ratio, Miller cycle and EGR to provide high-efficiency engine operation, has been presented previously. This study demonstrates the capability of the passive pre-chamber to enable whole map λ=1 operation and both idle stability and catalyst light-off capability, comparable to a conventional spark plug. Data showing the engine-out emissions and compatibility with conventional aftertreatment systems, along with practical considerations for use in vehicle applications, are also discussed.
Real Driving Emissions operations leader
Mahle Powertrain Ltd
Synopsis: The presentation will provide an overview of the key challenges that EU7 will present for OEMs. It will also outline the latest development techniques to enable robust emissions (gaseous and particulate) optimization used at Mahle Powertrain.
director of engineering
Synopsis: This session will present laboratory research and in-vehicle test data from various water injection strategies that Nostrum Energy has researched as a solution to thermally manage high engine outputs in a future where RDE testing means no longer being able to rely on over-fueling for high-load operation.
Synopsis: The presentation will share the findings from a survey of over 300 senior executives from across the automotive sector on their views about innovation within the European automotive industry. It will explore the adoption of new fuel sources for transmission, where the innovation hot spots are across Europe and how the sector can evolve to meet the changing landscape in automotive.
Synopsis: Rewitec is part of the chemical company Croda and has developed an innovative silicon-based nano- and microparticle surface treatment technology. The active particles use lubricants as a carrier and through adsorption build a protective and repairing silicon-based coating in engines, gears and differentials. The lecture presents scientific tribological tests performed by the universities of Giessen and Mannheim with different common engine and gear oils in combination with the additive. On test benches, a significant reduction in friction, wear and temperature is observed. All in all, these effects provide a longer lifetime and higher efficiency of engines and gears.
global application specialist: hydrogen fuel cells
Siemens Digital Industries Software
Synopsis: Hydrogen is seen as one of the main energy vectors of the future. Such technology still faces several challenges in terms of both production/storage and usage. In the automotive sector, hydrogen can be used in internal combustion engines and fuel cells. The two systems are extremely different in terms of efficiency and performance. In this presentation, the two technologies are discussed and analyzed from the numerical modeling perspective.
Southwest Research Institute
Synopsis: This presentation discusses some of the challenges of battery electric vehicles today and why they should not be called ‘zero emissions’. The talk also discusses how scaling batteries for larger applications such as trucks, ships and planes has many challenges. There will also be discussion of the flaws in industry measurements of CO2, and why lifecycle analysis is critical. Finally, the presentation will examine the role that electrification can have in unlocking further potential in the ICE. The summary is that the ICE will be around for a long time – it will adapt, evolve and survive.
head of engineering
Synopsis: Given the increasing volumes of data being remotely acquired from vehicles, new opportunities are arising. However, new methods for analysis are required as well. Today's engineers use software tools to navigate through the data and search for anomalies and faults. But automation is required at scale, otherwise data and human resources will need to grow linearly together, which is not feasible because engineering resources are not infinite, unlike growth in data volumes. This presentation introduces how automation can be applied in the field of anomaly and fault detection, exploring a real use case that resulted in a patent application.
Transport & Environment
Synopsis: This talk will focus on particle number and unregulated pollutant emissions from two Euro 6d-temp diesel vehicles, with a particular focus on emissions during DPF regeneration events. The current regulatory approach and the potential to better regulate DPF regeneration will also be explored.
W. L. Gore & Associates GmbH
Synopsis: This talk introduces a new material based on expanded PTFE and graphite that can be applied to elastomer parts without adhesive. It gives such composites a permanent low-friction, abrasion-resistant surface that remains elastic. Discussed applications include shaft seals (e.g. crankshafts) and valve seals (e.g. in cooling or air-conditioning compressors). The new material can help to reduce power/torque loss, increase reliability and thus contribute to CO2 reduction and efficiency gains.